The action of an ally of President Jair Bolsonaro’s government (without a party) delayed the appreciation of proposals in the Senate aimed at overturning presidential decrees that relax rules for the acquisition, registration and possession of weapons.
Presidential decrees will take effect next Tuesday (13), so there is not enough time for Congress to be able to suspend them before the measures become effective.
On February 12, on the eve of Carnival, President Jair Bolsonaro issued four decrees that facilitate access and increase the limit for the acquisition of arms and ammunition. The measures were severely criticized by experts, who claimed that they hinder enforcement.
In addition to facilitating procurement procedures, they increase the limit of allowed firearms for use that a citizen can buy from four to six.
In the cases of certain categories, such as police, magistrates, members of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and prison agents, there is still authorization for the purchase of two weapons for restricted use.
On another front, Bolsonaro removed a series of items from the list of Products Controlled by the Army Command – facilitating the acquisition of these objects.
The decree establishes that ammunition projectiles for weapons up to the caliber 12.7 mm are no longer part of this category, in addition to accessories that increase the offensive potential of armaments, such as telescopic sights.
The opposition reacted and presented draft legislative decrees to suspend the effects of presidential decrees – which would take effect in two months, therefore next Monday.
The proposals to suspend the presidential decrees were ruled for the deliberative session of this Thursday (8). However, the rapporteur of the proposals, Senator Marcos do Val (Pode-ES), requested that they be removed from the agenda.
The request was granted by the president of the Senate, Rodrigo Pacheco (DEM-MG), who justified that the rapporteur was chosen only on Monday and that other rapporteurs of proposals in the same situation also requested the postponement.
Marcos do Val is an ally of the government of President Jair Bolsonaro and an advocate of easing the rules on the acquisition and possession of weapons.
Opposition leaders point to a maneuver by the Planalto Palace, to delay the appreciation of the suspension of the decrees, thus allowing the measures to enter into force.
Senator Marcos do Val rejected any possibility that this is a strategy to delay the analysis of presidential vetoes. The parliamentarian says that he asked for the proposal to be withdrawn from the agenda due to the pandemic of the new coronavirus, as it is not the right time.
“This narrative that this [não apresentar o relatório] part of a strategy is easily deconstructed. This draft legislative decree has yet to pass through the Chamber, so there would be no time to pass it in Congress [antes de segunda-feira]”, The senator told Folha.
Marcos do Val also points out that the draft legislative decree can be ruled and approved at any time, even after the presidential decrees come into force.
The senator also stated that there was no contact with the Planalto Palace to address these proposals.
“I even wish I had had [contato com o Palácio do Planalto], to assist in the preparation of the report. But unfortunately, there was not, ”he said.
Also in February, Marcos do Val participated in a meeting with federal deputy Eduardo Bolsonaro (PSL-SP), the president’s son, to discuss the project that eases the carrying of weapons.
During the session, Do Val stated that his analysis of the issue will be exclusively technical, according to the Constitution, without analyzing the merits of the issue.
Senators responded to the postponement of the vote on the suspension of presidential decrees. Rose de Freitas (MDB-ES) criticized the rapporteur’s own choice, openly in favor of loosening arms rules.
“It’s like putting a fox to look after the chicken coop,” he said during a session on Thursday.
Senator Eduardo Girão (Pode-CE), aligned with the government in most matters, said that maintaining the decrees puts citizens at risk at risk.
“One of the reasons that made me enter politics: a personal matter, of a personal nature, a release that occurred when a good citizen took a gun, bought a gun, and entered a school where my children were. they were killed. That was very touching for me to enter the political life ”, affirmed the parliamentarian.
“The decrees radically alter important points of the current armaments policy, since, among other points, they authorize the purchase of up to six, half a dozen weapons without justification, they make the possession, including rifles and carbines, flexible for the 300 thousand CACs and remove important items from the Army’s control, ”he said.
“Such measures are aimed at facilitating access to arms and making inspection by Organs competent bodies more difficult. All of this puts the good citizen at risk and will probably incur an increase in social tragedies, which I experienced in another country and never wanted to happen here in Brazil ”, he added.
Senator Eliziane Gama (Citizenship-MA) criticized the fact that the draft legislative decrees were presented almost two months ago, but were only ruled on the eve of the entry into force of the measures.
Civil society entities had also been active during the week, so that Congress and the Federal Supreme Court suspended the presidential decree.
“In a crucial week for the regulation of arms and ammunition in Brazil, Instituto Igarapé and Instituto Sou da Paz request that the National Congress and the Supreme Federal Court exercise their constitutional role and invalidate the normative acts that favor the uncontrolled arms and ammunition in the country, putting Brazil’s security and democracy at risk, ”said a joint note from the two institutes.