Egyptian archaeologists led by Zaha Hawass have discovered an ancient Egyptian city near Luxor, which was lost under the sands 3,000 years ago. This was reported by the Egyptian newspaper Ahram Online, Trend reports with reference to Interfax.
The Egyptian expedition was surprised to find the largest city ever found in Egypt. The city was named the “Lost City of Gold”. It was founded by one of the greatest rulers of Egypt, King Amenhotep III, the ninth king of the 18th Dynasty, who ruled Egypt from 1391 to 1353 BC. This city was active during the joint regency of the great king with his son, the famous Amenhotep IV Akhenaten.
“Many foreign missions searched for this city, but never found it. We began our work to find the burial temple of Tutankhamun, because the temples of Horemheb and Aye were found in this area,” Hawass said.
“The streets of the city are surrounded by houses, some of their walls are 3 meters high,” continued Hawass. “We can say that the city stretches westward, all the way to the famous Deir El Medina.”
Betsy Brian, professor of Egyptology at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, USA, said the discovery of this lost city is “the second most significant archaeological discovery since the tomb of Tutankhamun.” Brian believes the discovery will help shed light on one of history’s greatest mysteries, namely why Akhenaten and Nefertiti decided to move to Amarna.
Excavation began in September 2020, and within a few weeks, much to the team’s surprise, clumps of mud bricks began to appear in all directions. As a result of the excavations, they discovered a large city with almost entire walls and rooms filled with objects of everyday life. The archaeological layers have been lying untouched for millennia. A large number of archaeological finds such as jewelry, colored clay vessels and clay bricks with the cartouche seals of King Amenhotep III have confirmed the dating of the city.
The excavation area is located between the Temple of Ramses III at Medinet Habu and the Temple of Amenhotep III at Memnon. An Egyptian mission began working in the area in search of Tutankhamun’s burial temple. It was the largest administrative and industrial settlement in the era of the Egyptian Empire on the West Bank of Luxor.