Unpublished Datafolha survey on the profile and opinions of Brazilian lawyers shows that the majority of lawyers and lawyers consider the government of President Jair Bolsonaro (without a party) to be bad or terrible.
The failure rate among the members of the class is 54% and surpasses the rate verified among the general population, which is 45%, as recently verified by the institute.
The survey also reveals that more than two-thirds of law firms — 69% of the total — claim to have a central political position, including center, center-left and center-right orientations.
This data indicates that the professional category is more at the center of the political spectrum than Brazilian citizens in general, according to surveys by Datafolha.
The survey also included the opinion of the law firm on customs and public safety issues. The class presented more liberal positions in relation to abortion and the criminalization of drugs and was also more favorable to the possession of weapons, in comparison with broader surveys.
Still, the results show that the category is quite divided on these issues. Datafolha also indicates that the majority of law firms (60%) understand that the main cause of crime is the lack of equal opportunities for everyone.
Conducted by telephone between February 26 and March 8, the survey interviewed 303 lawyers from the five regions of the country. The results were weighted by sex, age and region, according to data from the legal framework of the OAB (Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil).
This is the fourth in a series of reports by leaf to present and discuss the survey data. Datafolha’s work was commissioned within the scope of FolhaJus, the newspaper’s initiative focused on matters in the legal world. The survey’s margin of error is six percentage points, plus or minus.
The research was supported by AB2L (Brazilian Association of Lawtechs and Legaltechs), which helped to leaf to partner with the company Digesto to extract public information that integrates the National Registry of Lawyers, maintained by the OAB. Digesto organized the public data in files that served as the basis for Datafolha.
According to the survey, while the share of those who assess the Bolsonaro administration as bad or very bad is almost 10 points higher in law, compared to the general population, the percentages of those who approve the government are closer in the Datafolha surveys, and difference is within the error margins of the surveys.
The calculation in the field of advocacy indicates that 28% of the category considers the president’s administration to be excellent or good, while among the general population the index is 24%, the worst rate since the beginning of the term.
Among the professional class, the percentage of those who consider the government to be regular is 18%. The broader survey showed that 30% of Brazilians have this position.
The survey that heard Brazilian lawyers and lawyers was conducted prior to the opening of Covid’s CPI in the Senate, in which the government has been harshly criticized, but the administration still received a worse evaluation from the legal category.
The percentages varied significantly for some segments. Among Catholic lawyers, 59% rate the government as bad or bad, and 24% as great or good. In relation to the contingent of evangelicals, the picture is practically inverted: 52% consider the government to be excellent or good, and 33% as bad or terrible.
Asked which political position they placed themselves in, Brazilian lawyers and lawyers ranked mostly at the center of the political scene. Among those interviewed, 26% declare themselves to be center, 24% center-right and 19% center-left.
At the extremes of the political spectrum, 9% are on the left and 14% on the right. 7% said they didn’t know.
Comparatively, in a Datafoha survey carried out in December 2019, 45% of the Brazilian population positioned themselves as being at the center. In the subdivision of this total, 24% of people classified themselves as from the center, 12% as from the center-right and 9% as from the center-left, that is, in rates lower than those found among the lawyers.
Also in the 2019 survey, 28% were on the right and 17% on the left.
Among the lawyers, nearly half of respondents (46%) think the abortion law should remain as it is, and 5% of lawyers argue that abortion should be prohibited in any situation.
The percentage in favor of flexibilization amounts to 48%, with 32% of this total believing that abortion should be allowed in more situations and 16% in any situation.
Today, the law allows abortion in cases of rape and when the pregnant woman’s life is at risk, and the STF (Supreme Federal Court) ruled that a third situation to allow the act, the diagnosis of an anencephalic fetus, was lawful.
Survey results vary significantly for some segments. Among those who position themselves as on the right, for example, 61% defend that the law must remain as it is. Among those who claim to be on the left, this same idea is supported by only 9% of those interviewed.
While 45% of left-wing respondents understand that abortion should be allowed in more situations, this measure is supported by only 22% of right-wing advocates.
The rate of women in law firms who advocate that abortion be allowed in any situation (20%) is almost double that of men (11%).
Within the right, 15% defend that abortion should be prohibited in any situation. The percentage of those who agree with the total prohibition of the procedure reaches 7% among Catholics and 5% among Evangelicals.
The advocacy position on this topic is less restrictive than that of the general population, in comparison with the Datafolha survey of December 2018.
This survey showed that at the time 41% of the population defended that abortion should be prohibited in any situation. This year’s survey among law firms revealed that only 5% of the professional class have this position.
same-sex civil union
Regarding the issue of civil unions of people of the same sex, Datafolha shows that the majority (80%) of the law firm is in favor of this legal institute, while 13% expressed their opposition and 6% as indifferent.
As with the positions on abortion, there is a significant difference considering the religious segments. Among Catholics, the percentage of respondents in favor of the law reached 85%, almost double the percentage among evangelicals, which was 44%.
Although to a lesser degree, there was variation depending on the age group of respondents. In the group of those aged between 18 and 34, 88% of lawyers agreed with the civil union, while among lawyers aged 45 or over, the percentage was 67%.
Advocacy was divided on gun ownership: 51% of respondents declared their opposition to it, and 47% defend that it is a citizen’s right. Another 2% said they did not know.
The lawyers were asked whether “the possession of weapons should be prohibited, as it poses a threat to other people’s lives” or whether “owning a legal weapon should be a citizen’s right to defend themselves”.
While 61% of women responded that gun ownership should be prohibited, a smaller percentage of men (41%) had the same understanding.
Datafolha’s July 2019 survey with the general population had very different results. Two-thirds —66%— of respondents advocated prohibition, while 31% advocated legalization.
criminalization of drugs
Regarding the criminalization of drugs, a little more than two-thirds of the legal profession expressed support for this measure.
While 68% of respondents agree with the phrase “the use of drugs should be prohibited because the whole society suffers from the consequences”, another 26% preferred to adhere to the idea that “the use of drugs should not be prohibited, because it is the user who suffers from the consequences”.
There was a significant difference depending on the political position. Among those who positioned themselves as on the right and in the center, the percentage of those who consider that use should be prohibited is 90% and 70%, respectively. Among those who declared themselves to be on the left, the rate is 56%.
In a Datafolha survey with the Brazilian population carried out in June 2017, 80% of respondents argued that drug use should be criminalized and 17% expressed opposition to the measure.
causes of crime
The institute’s survey within the scope of legal professionals also addressed the issue of crime. The majority (60%) of the lawyers agree with the idea that the lack of opportunities is the biggest cause of the phenomenon. Another 34% believe that the main cause of crime is people’s malice.
As with other issues related to public safety, this one also showed a significant difference according to the political position of the interviewees.
While among those on the left the percentage of those who believe that the lack of opportunities is the biggest cause of crime is 75%, among those on the right the rate drops to 31%.
There was also a relevant variation by religion, since 58% of evangelicals agree with the statement that the badness of people is the biggest cause of crime, and about a third (34%) of Catholics corroborate this idea.
Datafolha’s June 2017 survey showed, in the Brazilian population, the majority percentage of people who understood that the biggest cause of crime is the badness of people (56%), while 41% said they believed that the main reason was the lack of equal opportunities .