French voters are called upon to appoint their regional and departmental elected representatives on June 20 and 27, a new date chosen by the executive.
Last vote before the presidential election. Some 45 million voters are called to the polls on the occasion of the two rounds of regional and departmental elections, next June 20 and 27, according to the new date set by the executive. Le Figaro presents the two electoral events of 2021.
»WHEN DO YOU VOTE?
Initially scheduled in March, these simultaneous local elections were shaken up by the Covid-19 epidemic. First postponed to June 13 and 20, 2021, with the agreement of the political parties consulted by the former President of the Constitutional Council Jean-Louis Debré, they were finally pushed back to the June 20 and 27. Objective: to allow time for the electoral and vaccination campaigns to unfold.
Other dates had to be adjusted via a bill: the candidacies can be submitted by Monday, May 17, at noon at the latest; the election campaign, which will last a week longer than expected, will begin on Monday, May 31.
” WHO ELITE?
The voters will designate:
– their regional advisers (1758 in France), in charge:
- economic development;
- regional planning;
- non-urban transport, including regional express trains (TER);
- management of high schools and vocational training.
– their departmental advisers (4056 in France), in charge:
- social assistance, including child protection and active solidarity income (RSA);
- departmental roads;
- school transport;
- of college management.
– the advisers to the Assemblies of Corsica, Martinique and Guyana, which combine the skills of a regional council and a departmental council.
In the week following the election, the newly elected will appoint a president in each assembly. They will remain in office for almost 7 years, until March 2028 – a year longer than expected, so as not to interfere with the presidential elections of April and May 2027.
” OÙ VOTE-T-ON ?
● In 17 regions for regional and territorial
The assemblies of 17 French regions will be renewed, namely:
– 14 regional councils, at the end of regional elections ;
– 3 territorial assemblies (in Corsica, Martinique, Guyana) for which we speak ofterritorial elections – the regional council and the departmental council have merged.
● In 96 departments for departmental
The assemblies of 96 departments will be formed, i.e. 95 departmental councils – Haut-Rhin and Bas-Rhin merged on 1is last January in a departmental council of Alsace -, at the end of the departmental elections.
● Not everywhere
– 5 departments and the metropolis of Lyon, without a departmental council, only vote for the regional ones (Paris and the Lyon metropolis) or territorial (Haute-Corse, Corse-du-Sud, Martinique and Guyana) ;
– Mayotte, department and region but without regional council, votes only in the departmental;
– Certain overseas territories, without a meeting renewable in June, will not vote (New Caledonia , Wallis-et-Futuna, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint-Martin, St. Bartholomew, French Polynesia).
» COMMENT VOTE-T-ON ?
Two different ballots must be chosen by the voters concerned by both the regional and the departmental.
Voters choose a joint list of candidates, presented at the departmental level so that each department is equitably represented in the regional council.
In the first round, a list must gather more than 50% of the votes cast across the region to be elected, which closes the ballot. Otherwise, it must obtain more than 10% of the votes cast to advance to the second round.
The proportional voting system applies: the seats are distributed in proportion to the score obtained by each list having obtained more than 5% of the votes cast. In order for it to have a large majority, the top list wins a “bonus” representing 25% of the seats.
Voters choose a equal pair of candidates, presented at the scale of their canton.
In the first round, a pair must gather more than 50% of the votes cast and 25% of those registered to be elected, which closes the ballot. Otherwise, he must obtain more than 12.5% of those registered to access the second round.
The majority voting system applies: only the top pair is elected, the others do not get a seat.
● Simplified proxies
To vote by proxy, the procedures will be simplified due to the Covid-19 epidemic:
– Each voter can now establish his proxy online on maprocuration.gouv.fr, before going to the police station or the gendarmerie to validate his identity;
– Each voter will be able to have two proxies against one usually (for those established in France).
” WHAT IS LE CURRENT POLITICAL LANDSCAPE?
● 8 regions on the right, 6 on the left
At the head of 8 out of 17 regions, the right came out of the December 2015 election strengthened, the first organized after the redistribution of the map of France. The left, majority in 6 communities, lost important strongholds, like Île-de-France and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur. The only president of the Marcheur region, Guadeloupe Ary Chalus, from the left, joined the presidential majority during his mandate.
● 64 departments on the right, 28 on the left
The left had suffered a failure in the departmental elections of March 2015: it now holds a minority of departmental councils (28), while the right and its allies govern 64 communities.