At a regular meeting of the “800 Club” edited by the Nizhny Novgorod branch of “RG”, experts discussed the role of science and technology in the 800-year history of Nizhny Novgorod, because 2021 is not only an anniversary for the city, but also the Year of Science and Technology for the whole of Russia.
“The last hundred years of the history of Nizhny Novgorod is the history of Nizhny Novgorod science,” says Igor Fedyushkin, director of ANO Nizhny Novgorod REC, director of the Academic Institute of Organometallic Chemistry named after G. A. Razuvaev. – Of course, we all remember Ivan Petrovich Kulibin, who lived in the 18th-19th centuries, but he is more likely an engineer and natural scientist, an inventor. Perhaps this is what we are missing now: there are scientists, but there are not so many inventors.
The Nizhny Novgorod Scientific and Educational Center (REC) is a fairly young organization, although the basic principles of its work have been known for a long time: to build a chain “science – personnel – production” to obtain the maximum commercial and, which is very important, social result.
Should Nizhny Novgorod strive for the status of a “science city” to achieve this goal? Mikhail Teodorovich, head of the department of sociology of project activities at Lobachevsky University, recalled that, by definition, a science city is a settlement with scientific and production potential and a city-forming scientific and production complex. Nizhny Novgorod certainly has scientific and production potential, but it is distributed throughout the city and the region.
“But the most important thing is the structure of potential and what is the volume of our own production that absorbs high technology products and inventions,” the scientist pointed out the problem.
To this we can add one more question: how developed are the links between science? Who should come to whom: a scientist with his discovery or a technology to an industrialist or a business to researchers for solving their problems?
– The movement should be from two sides, – Igor Fedyushkin is sure. – It’s good when business can formulate a problem for science. On the other hand, the head of one enterprise from the REC founders once said: “We need fresh ideas!”
In the history of Nizhny Novgorod, there are examples of what, by analogy with a scientific school, can be called an engineering school. The difference is that the first appears on the basis of an idea, and the second – in the process of its implementation, or, if you will, materialization. Merchant Bashkirov – the most modern mills at that time and a unique school of millers. The Batashev brothers – Vyksa Metallurgical Plant. Mikhail Bonch-Bruevich – Nizhny Novgorod radio laboratory, Andrey Lipgart-car “Victory”, Rostislav Alekseev – “rockets”, “meteors” and ekranoplanes.
– The problem is the short-term nature of these examples (on the scale of the city’s history. – Ed.) And the lack of reproduction. Unfortunately, everything almost always ends when the leaders leave, – complains Andrei Dakhin, head of the scientific research and projects department of the Nizhny Novgorod Institute of Management, a branch of the RANEPA. – And such a structure as REC can provide a connection between scientific and engineering, educational, investment branches of the process.
– I would not want the impression that REC is some kind of magic wand, – Igor Fedyushkin summed up the conversation. – If everything were so simple, REC would have appeared 20-30 years ago. It probably takes time for the links between scientists and industry to become natural.
The citizens of Nizhniy Novgorod need to retain their status, figuratively speaking, of the Russian design bureau. Then science will be in maximum demand, new enterprises will appear that will generate new requests for science. It is at this junction that REC should show itself.
By the way
Anatoly Iudin, a professor at UNN, who has repeatedly conducted research related to the branding of territories based on the theory of archetypes, found that Nizhny Novgorod residents most often “try on” the features of the “Search” or “Seeker” archetype in relation to the city. He called one of the articles – “Nizhny Novgorod in the XXI century: the mystery of the city-seeker”.