Folha honors Black Consciousness Day with gesture of resistance – Black lives matter

Matheus Moreira

A sheet this November 20th, it adds to its header the icon of the fist clenched with the arm raised, a message that black lives matter, to mark the fight against racism.

Historians point out that it was in the 19th century that the gesture, of uncertain origin, began to be disseminated as a symbol of solidarity, challenge and rejection of oppression by European leftist movements.

In the 30s of the following century, it symbolized the Spanish resistance to Francoism. Thus it gained its anti-fascist connotation, which would migrate to the iconography of the United States through the more than 2,000 Americans who volunteered to fight alongside the Spaniards in 1938.

In the 1960s, with civil rights claims against racial segregation in the US, the Black Power movement and the Black Panther Party incorporated it as a symbol. But it was athletes Tommie Smith and John Carlos who popularized him globally by raising their clenched fists on the podium at the Mexico 196 Olympics in an anti-racist protest.

A sheet it adds the Brazilian flag to its header on Independence Day and the Proclamation of the Republic, and this year it also marked the LGBTQIA+ Pride Day with the rainbow flag.




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