Minister Paulo Guedes (Economy) released this Sunday (26) material pointing out advances made in the administrative reform approved by the special committee of the Chamber of Deputies, despite the text having already been dehydrated even before reaching the plenary.
Guedes sent two files to journalists via a messaging app. One of them, with three pages, compiles questions and answers about the PEC (Proposed Amendment to the Constitution) approved in the early hours of last Friday (24) by the special committee of the Chamber.
In the document, he talks about the stability of the servers, one of the points changed by the rapporteur on the special commission, Arthur Maia (DEM-BA). In his opinion, he extended stability to all new servers, albeit with the possibility of dismissal in case of insufficient performance.
In the forwarded file, Guedes argues that the PEC “modernizes public management by defining objective criteria for dismissal of current and future civil servants, due to low performance, and predicting that future civil servants, even if stable, will lose their position if it is considered obsolete or unnecessary .”
The other file sent by the minister compiles 21 points listed as advances promoted by the reform, including the elimination of distortions and benefits for new employees and the possibility of dismissal in case of positions that may be considered obsolete or unnecessary.
The minister’s initiative took place a few days after the text was approved by the special committee of the Chamber of Deputies. Despite Guedes’ defense, the assessment of specialists is that the PEC leaves something to be desired in many aspects, in particular for not attacking some of the points that most generate dissatisfaction in public administration.
“The PEC itself is a mistake. It doesn’t need a new PEC to include a performance evaluation, which is the most important thing,” says economist Elena Landau, who headed the privatization program under FHC’s government.
In Landau’s assessment, there was an excessive focus on the server stability discussion, “what a mistake.” “Stability is a democratic gain. The civil servant has to be preserved from political persecution in changes of government.”
In addition, he continues, one of the only justifications for the government to forward a PEC would be to include other Powers — which did not happen. “How can it, in addition to not including other Powers, bring privileges to police forces? It only gets worse.”
Guilherme Tinoco, special advisor to the São Paulo Finance Department, goes along the same lines. According to him, economic reforms are being disfigured, “do not serve the original purpose and sometimes even harm.”
Tinoco points out that the administrative reform does not put in place a more “meritocratic” system and still protects several corporate interests. “It’s generally not a good reform. The changes being made now seem more to mark a position than to actually solve the problems.”
For the chief economist of MB Associados, Sérgio Vale, the administrative reform is a lost opportunity to advance in the restructuring of the public sector.
“I don’t think it’s enough to make the changes just for those who enter the system, it won’t be enough to balance the expected growth in public spending over the next few years,” he says. of what should be understood as equality in an administrative reform. It’s more a reform in which haste can give birth to something bad.”
Necton’s chief economist, André Perfeito, ponders that, despite not solving the main problems, the reform can reduce the tension over the discussion of the size of the State and help public administrators.
“The government should benefit from passing the reform, as it is spending a lot of energy on it. But this should not affect market perceptions of interest rate dynamics, for example.”
In the Chamber, the text is also the target of criticism. For deputy Kim Kataguiri (DEM-SP), the PEC brings advances in the instruments of cooperation between the private sector and the public service, in the performance evaluation and in the cut of expenses in periods of fiscal crisis. “But it is essential to include members of Powers, which I will do prominently presented in plenary, so that it is fair and for everyone.”
Deputy Professor Israel Batista (PV-DF), president of the Servir Brasil parliamentary front, which defends the public service, says that Maia’s report “was very bad for the civil servants and for the public service in general.”
“He took up an article that allows for several possibilities of outsourcing, with cooperation agreements”, he criticizes. “Reducing the workload by up to 25% when the personnel spending limit is reached is also another concern, and we understand that it can even affect servers with typical careers.”
The deputy’s expectation is that the dispute in the plenary will be very fierce. “We understand that, if the vote were today, the government would not have the 308 votes [mínimo para aprovar uma PEC]. But we also know that negotiations are very intense.”
Advances cited by Guedes
- Elimination of distortions and benefits for new servers, such as vacations longer than 30 days and promotions based solely on seniority
- Improvement of individual performance assessment rules, which should contribute to the achievement of institutional results of the body or entity, with the definition of clear parameters and objectives
- Efficiency for the performance of the Public Administration: it gives flexibility to adjust the staff, by dismissing future employees who carry out obsolete or unnecessary activities
- Clearer rules and expansion of possibilities for temporary hiring. Removes the subjectivity present in the current constitutional wording and expresses the possibility of hiring for permanent activities, provided that they are strictly transitory in nature
- In a situation of fiscal crisis, inclusion of a measure that allows the reduction of the workload within the limit of 25%, with a corresponding reduction in remuneration, before a more drastic measure of dismissal of civil servants is applied, a hypothesis already provided for in the current text of the Constitution
- Definition of exclusive activities of the State: resolves a gap in the constitutional text since 1998
- Establishment of termination of the bond and compulsory retirement for public employees of direct, autonomous and foundation administration who reach 75 years of age, standardizing the rule already applicable to other employees