In a speech on Wednesday night (2), the President of the Republic, Jair Bolsonaro, spoke again about government actions during the Covid-19 pandemic, such as the development and distribution of vaccines, emergency aid and destination resources to states and municipalities.
He also spoke about measures approved by the National Congress and his government’s achievements in the area of infrastructure.
Lupa checked some of the phrases said by the president. Palácio do Planalto was approached for comment, but did not respond until the publication of the check.
See the check below.
Today, we have reached the milestone of 100 million doses of vaccines distributed to states and municipalities
As of June 2, the Ministry of Health has distributed 102,915,464 doses of vaccines to the states. Not all of these doses have already been applied. According to information from Localiza SUS, which gathers data on the immunization campaign against Covid in the country, 68.9 million doses were applied, with 46.4 million corresponding to the first dose. In total, 22.4 million people have already been vaccinated with both doses.
Brazil is the fourth country with the most vaccines on the planet
Brazil is the fourth country in the world in the number of people who have received at least one dose of vaccine against Covid-19. But this does not mean that Brazil has the fourth best vaccination coverage in the world, as it is also one of the most populous countries on the planet.
Taking into account the number of people vaccinated in relation to the total population, Brazil drops dozens of positions in the immunization ranking.
According to the WHO (World Health Organization), China has 388.3 million people vaccinated — but there is no detailed information on how many received the full vaccination.
According to Oxford University’s Our World in Data platform (which does not count China), India and the United States vaccinated 169.6 million and 168.5 million respectively. On June 1, 2021 (date of last update), Brazil appeared on the list with 45.94 million people who received at least one dose of vaccine.
Of the more than 200 countries and territories whose information was collected by Our World in Data, Brazil occupied the 79th position in the ranking of people who received at least one dose proportionally to the population until June 1st.
Brazil has already applied at least one dose of the vaccine against Covid-19 in 21.61% of the population, according to Our World in Data. The percentage drops to 10.49% of the population that has already received the two doses.
Yesterday we signed a technology transfer agreement for vaccine production in Brazil between AstraZeneca and Fiocruz
Last Tuesday (1st), the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz) signed an agreement with pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca for the transfer of technology for the production of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (IFA), an input used for the production of vaccines against Covid- 19. Thus, the institution will be able to produce an immunizing agent against the new coronavirus without relying on the import of the IFA.
The technology transfer process is ongoing. This Wednesday (2), Fiocruz received materials for the production of the IFA, and the team continues to be trained to carry out the work. The forecast, according to Fiocruz, is that deliveries start only in October.
Thereby [produção de IFA pela Fiocruz], we became part of the elite of only five countries that produce vaccine against Covid in the world
It is not just four countries that currently produce Covid-19 vaccines. According to UNICEF, currently, 37 countries produce vaccines locally against the disease, including Brazil. What Fiocruz announced is that it will be able to produce the API of the AstraZeneca vaccine in the country, that is, Brazil will not depend on the import of these inputs to produce this immunizing agent, specifically.
According to an article in the newspaper O Estado de S.Paulo, only Russia, China, India and the United States are currently self-sufficient in the production of the vaccine. Furthermore, the production of the IFA and the 100% national vaccine will not start immediately.
According to Fiocruz itself, the expectation is that this will only occur in October. Until then, Brazil will remain dependent on the import of APIs for the production of immunizing agents. The monthly production capacity will be 15 million doses per month, according to the institution.
In 2020, we earmarked BRL 320 billion for emergency aid
In 2020, the federal government allocated R$ 321.8 billion for the payment of emergency aid, according to the balance of expenditures on measures to combat Covid-19 presented by the Ministry of Economy in December.
However, data from the Transparency Portal show that, until January 2021, the Union spent R$293.9 billion with the payment of the benefit — about 8% less than quoted by Bolsonaro. Last year, nine installments of emergency aid were paid to those who managed to register in the different phases of the program and met the requirements.
Initially, there were five deposits of R$600 each. At the end of the year, the amount was reduced: four payments of R$300 were made. The benefit was suspended and resumed in April this year, with four installments in the amounts of R$150, R$250 or R$375, depending on the family . Congress approved a maximum expenditure of R$ 44 billion with the extension of the benefit in 2021.
In the first four months of this year alone, Brazil created more than 900,000 new jobs
In the first four months of 2021, 957,889 formal jobs were opened, according to data from the new General Register of Employed and Unemployed Persons (Caged). From January to April, there were 6,406,478 hires and 5,448,589 layoffs, representing a balance of 957 thousand jobs.
However, since January 2020, the Caged survey started to include data on temporary workers, which were not counted before.
In addition to the monthly survey carried out with employers, the system now pulls data from eSocial (the federal government’s system to unify the tax and accounting bookkeeping of companies) and from the Employer Web (system in which unemployment insurance claims are registered).
Thus, the result of the employment balance is different from what was obtained before this change, and the comparison is inadequate. Experts say these changes in data collection lead to the misinterpretation of an increase in formal employment.
According to the Union of Workers in Data Processing and Information Technology of São Paulo, temporary vacancies are for short periods of time and, therefore, can be eliminated, rapidly changing the employment landscape in Brazil.
It is also worth noting that, according to the Continuous National Household Sample Survey (PNAD), Brazil had 14.8 million unemployed people in the first quarter of 2021. This is the highest value in the historical series, started in 2012.
In infrastructure, our government [vem] (…) finishing works that had been stopped for decades, such as the BR-163 in Pará
The BR-163 works in Pará had not been stopped for decades. The paving of a 65-kilometer stretch of road marked by bogs, between the district of Moraes Almeida, in Itaituba (PA), and Novo Progresso (PA), began in 2017, through an agreement signed by the National Department of Infrastructure of Transport (Dnit) and the 8th Army Engineering and Construction Battalion.
In other words, the initiative to carry out the work came from the government of then president Michel Temer (MDB). A video released by the Amazon Military Command on YouTube on October 31, 2017 talks about the paving, which was scheduled to be delivered in February 2020. The schedule was not met.
A stretch of 51 kilometers — that is, 14 kilometers less than initially planned — was inaugurated in February 2020 by Bolsonaro. The second phase of the work started that month, and was expected to be completed in August of last year.