Minister of Health since March 23, Marcelo Queiroga gives a second testimony at Covid’s CPI in the Senate this Tuesday (8). He reaffirmed that the solution to end the pandemic is vaccination and reinforced the importance of social isolation measures and the use of masks. However, he avoided criticizing the attitudes of President Jair Bolsonaro (non-party) by causing agglomerations.
Unlike the previous testimony, when he avoided giving an opinion on the effectiveness of hydroxychloroquine against Covid-19, the minister said he believed that the drug was ineffective, as well as ivermectin. However, he pointed out that there is controversy on the subject among doctors and that, therefore, he submitted the topic to Conitec (National Commission for the Incorporation of Technologies in the Unified Health System). The minister also defended the holding of the Copa America in Brazil, saying the risk is low as long as the protocols are followed.
Dr. Nise Yamaguchi, the director of the Butantan Institute, Dimas Covas, the secretary of Labor Management and Health Education at the Ministry of Health, Mayra Pinheiro, and former ministers of Health Eduardo Pazuello, Luiz Henrique, have already been heard by the CPI. Mandetta and Nelson Teich. Former Chancellor Ernesto Araújo also testified, among others.
A Forget verified some of the statements made by Marcelo Queiroga in his second testimony to Covid’s CPI in the Senate. The report contacted the Ministry of Health press office about the checks and will update this report as soon as it has answers.
See the check below.
The Brazilian Football Championship took place with more than one hundred matches, within a controlled environment, with no audience in the stadiums and there was only one positive case
At least 302 players from the A series of the 2020 Brazilian Championship were infected by Covid-19, according to a survey carried out by researchers from the UFPB (Federal University of Paraíba) and the UFRJ (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. The number represents 48.3% The study does not take into account members of the technical committee, referees and other officials involved in the matches.
According to the survey, the group had an infection rate 13 times greater than the general population. In the evaluation of the study, the clubs act as “super-disseminating centers”. Of the 20 teams in the dispute, 7 had at least 20 athletes infected with Covid-19: Fluminense (26), Vasco (26), Palmeiras (24), Santos (22), Flamengo (21), Goiás (21) and Athletico- PR (20).
In March, CBF presented a report with the results of the sanitary protocol implemented by the entity in 2020 to carry out national competitions. The entity concluded that there was no evidence of cross contamination in the field. Athletes and coaches were tested an average of 72 hours before matches. The general secretary of the CBF, Walter Feldman, stated that football is a “safe, controlled, responsible environment and has all the conditions to continue”.
[Falo] Directly with the president, I always dispatch with him (…)
Since taking over the Ministry of Health, on March 23, that is, in the last 78 days, Marcelo Queiroga has had only four direct meetings with President Jair Bolsonaro (no party), according to the Presidency’s agenda. In two of them (on May 18th and May 4th), the participation of other people is not included.
On April 5, the Executive Secretary of the Ministry of Health, Rodrigo Cruz, was also present. The meeting on March 26 was also attended by the deputy chief minister of the Civil House, Sérgio José Pereira; the then Chief Minister of the Secretariat of Government, Luiz Eduardo Ramos; and the Deputy Chief for Legal Affairs of the General Secretariat of the Presidency, Pedro Cesar Sousa.
Queiroga had not dispatched with Bolsonaro for nearly a month when he met with him on May 4, the eve of his first testimony to Covid’s CPI in the Senate, on May 6th.
Meetings scheduled on the president’s agenda were considered, in which the minister is mentioned directly on the agenda. For example, cabinet meetings or participation in events were not taken into account.
(…) At least once a week I am with the president, specifically to discuss health or in ministry meetings, which happen with a certain frequency.
Queiroga has not participated in events with Bolsonaro in every week since taking office. In the week between the 10th and 14th of May, there is no record in the presidential agenda of any event with the participation of the two. In another six weeks, he attended only one meeting, some of them unrelated to health care. Between April 19 and 23, for example, the only meeting was a videoconference with the president of Fiesp (Federation of Industries of the State of São Paulo), Paulo Skaf, on April 20th.
Since March 23, when he assumed the Ministry of Health, Queiroga had 19 meetings of all kinds with the president. This number includes the five meetings of the Covid-19 National Coordinating Committee to Combat the Pandemic. The first took place on March 31, a week after Queiroga’s appointment. The fifth meeting was held on June 2nd last week.
Brazil in the world ranking of Our World in Data is the third country that most applied the first dose of vaccines. United States, India and Brazil
According to the ranking of Our World in Data, Oxford University’s website that counts various types of information, including on vaccination against Covid-19, Brazil is the third country that most applied at least the first dose of the immunizing agent. The site does not account for data from China, which would make Brazil drop to fourth position. In addition, the ranking cited speaks in absolute numbers. When considering the numbers proportional to the population, Brazil drops to 78th place.
The country that appears first on the Our World in Data list with the most people who received at least the first dose is India, with 185.5 million people. In second place are the United States, with 171.31 million. Brazil appears in third, with 48.8 million. Data for India and the United States are from the 7th of June and for Brazil, from the 6th.
However, China was the country that used the most vaccine doses in the world, with 634.1 million on June 8, according to the WHO. However, there is no detail on how many people received only the first dose and how many received the second. Thus, the country was not listed by Our World in Data, as it is not possible to know how many people received a dose.
But none of this means that Brazil has the fourth best vaccination coverage in the world, as it is also one of the most populous countries on the planet. Taking into account the number of people vaccinated in relation to the total population, Brazil drops dozens of positions in the immunization ranking.
Of the more than 200 countries and territories whose information was collected by Our World in Data, Brazil occupied the 78th position in the ranking of people who received at least one dose proportionally to the population until 6 June. Brazil has already applied at least one dose of the vaccine against Covid-19 in 22.96% of the population, according to Our World in Data. The percentage drops to 10.77% of the population that has already received the two doses and is fully vaccinated.
82% of the indigenous people took the first dose and 71% of the indigenous people took the second dose
According to information from the Ministry of Health on June 7, 82% of the indigenous population received at least the first dose of the vaccine against Covid-19 and 71% received the two doses necessary for complete immunization. As a result, 333,391 indigenous people have already received at least one dose of the vaccine. 288,892 indigenous people are already fully immunized, out of a total population of 408,232.
The RT-PCR exams that are required for the entry of citizens of these countries to the Copa America normally take place, regardless of football. Any citizen of Argentina, Ecuador and the Copa America countries enters Brazil with the RT-PCR exam
Ordinance No. 654/2021, published by the federal government on May 28, 2021, determines that every international traveler, Brazilian or foreign, must have a negative RT-PCR test performed within 72 hours prior to boarding. However, experts warn that RT-PCR can fail in the early stages of infection, even with the high sensitivity of the test. In the so-called incubation phase of the virus, which precedes the symptoms, the rate of false negatives reaches 68%, according to Fiocruz.
The ordinance issued by the federal government requires that the test be presented to the airline and be in Portuguese, Spanish or English. Children and crew are exempt from this rule in some cases. Ordinances on this topic have been published since the beginning of the pandemic, but the section that requires a negative RT-PCR test was only included in December, after recommendation by Anvisa (National Health Surveillance Agency).
The same ordinance prohibits foreigners from entering the country by land and waterways, except for the border with Paraguay. In this case, RT-PCR testing is not required.
We already have results [da vacinação]: reducing elderly deaths
A preliminary study carried out by researchers at UFPel (Federal University of Pelotas) identified that the proportion of deaths among people aged 80 years or more fell by half after the start of vaccination in Brazil. The survey, released on the medRxiv platform, considered data from the Ministry of Health from January 3rd to April 22nd.
According to the researchers, the sharp drop in the proportion of deaths, even amid the high number of cases in the period analyzed, is associated with the escalation of vaccination among the age group surveyed. Health professionals and the elderly were the first groups to be immunized against Covid-19 in Brazil.
During 2020, the deaths of people aged 80 years or more remained at the level of 25% to 30% of those recorded by Covid-19 in the country. By the end of April, that percentage had already dropped to 13.1% — the lowest rate ever recorded for this group throughout the pandemic, according to the study.
Also according to the researchers’ calculation, just in the analyzed period, vaccination would have prevented the death of 13,800 Brazilians aged 80 years or more