The president of the Chamber, Arthur Lira (PP-AL), articulates speeding up the vote on the PEC (proposal to amend the Constitution) which changes the current system of election to the Legislative, the proportional, for the so-called district.
The idea is for deputies to vote before the parliamentary recess in July — some say it is possible to approve the proposal in June.
Today, councilors and deputies —state and federal— are elected by the proportional system. Seats in the Legislative Houses are distributed according to the total vote of candidates and of the party (vote in the legend). The excess votes of the most voted help to pull candidates with fewer votes.
In the district, the most voted are elected. In other words, any vote given in excess to the elected and that given to the unelected is worthless. Instead of prioritizing party support, the district strengthens personalism, which tends to benefit already well-placed politicians and celebrities.
Initially, the discussion about the district was taking place within the special commission that analyzes PEC 125. In the collegiate, chaired by deputy Luis Tibé (Avante-MG), the proposal is reported by deputy Renata Abreu (Podemos-SP).
The intention was that the opinion of the deputy brought the district between the changes. However, last week, the idea of taking the PEC from the district directly to the plenary gained momentum, in view of the deputies’ assessment that it is necessary to accelerate the debate so that the formation of slates can be negotiated now.
Lira would have given Renata Abreu more time for her to try to reach an agreement on the subject in the special commission. If not, however, the district will be detached from the PEC and taken to a vote directly in the plenary.
In addition to the district, there are intermediate proposals, such as the so-called mixed district, which is a mixture of the new model with the current one (each system would elect 50% of the seats).
By the accounts of party leaders, the PEC would have between 350 and 400 favorable votes. The only two parties whose presidents would still resist adopting the system are MDB and PSD.
In the last one, however, there is the expectation that the president of the acronym, Gilberto Kassab, will release the bench. If that happens, estimates indicate that two-thirds of the caucus could support the proposal.
The Chamber works with an approval schedule until the parliamentary recess in July. With that, the Senate would have around two months to vote on the proposal. The PEC needs to be enacted by October so that the rules are already applied for next year.
To pass, it is necessary to have at least 60% of parliamentary support in voting in two rounds in the two Houses — that is, at least 308 deputies and 49 senators.
On Wednesday, Renata Abreu sent party leaders a compilation of amendments presented by all parties to the PEC.
Also on Wednesday, the Chamber approved the urgency of a bill that changes the law on political parties to include the possibility for parties to meet in a federation. With that, after the constitution and registration in the TSE (Superior Electoral Court), these legends would act as a party association.
The bill, already approved in the Senate, establishes that the federation of parties must follow the norms of parliamentary functioning and party loyalty. Parties gathered in a federation, which will have national coverage, must remain affiliated to the association for at least four years.
The federation is a claim of small parties, who have difficulty overcoming the barrier clause, which removes survival mechanisms from acronyms that do not reach a minimum of votes in the elections.
PDT leader, deputy Wolney Queiroz (PE) stated that the end of coalitions was an advance, but that the federation is different. “The federation privileges the understanding and ideological affinity between the parties and the subtitles, which is why it must be considered,” he said.
“I think it’s an important option for us to have this for the 2022 election. We approve the federation and the parties use it if they want, but it’s important to have this party option, so that the parties can have a shelter, can have a refuge, can have a chance of survival of national articulation to keep themselves alive and active.”