Former PT presidents Lula and Dilma Rousseff joined five other former presidents of Latin American countries and Spain in a letter expressing concern for democracy in Peru and asking for recognition by the National Elections Jury for the victory of the leftist Pedro Castillo.
Among the signatories are former presidents Ernesto Samper Pizano, of Colombia, Fernando Lugo, of Paraguay, José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, of Spain, Martín Torrijos, of Panama, and Rafael Correa, of Ecuador.
“The legitimate right that Pedro Castillo’s political opponents have to request clarification and revisions to electoral documents and processes cannot become a delaying strategy to prevent the validation of results”, they affirm.
“Any unjustified delay in making official the decision taken by the Peruvian people, which resulted in the election of Pedro Castillo, creates uncertainties and creates undesirable spaces of disorganization for the course of the economy, the stability of democracy, and may illegitimately delay the term of President-elect Castillo” , follows the document, which is signed on behalf of the Puebla Group, which brings together leaders of leftist parties.
Peru is in an impasse while awaiting confirmation of the results of its electoral process, celebrated earlier this month.
Presidential candidate Keiko Fujimori seeks in court to reverse the small difference by which she was defeated in the dispute with Pedro Castillo — even though the winner has not been officially announced.
With 100% of the ballot boxes counted, the result points to 50.12% for the leftist and 49.87% for the daughter of former dictator Alberto Fujimori. The official announcement still depends on the National Electoral Jury, responsible for analyzing the challenge of voting minutes, as Keiko asked for the review of 300,000 votes and the annulment of another 200,000.
In a statement on June 9, the conservative candidate pointed out alleged irregularities committed by Castillo’s supporters, which, for her, would constitute “systematic fraud”.
Castillo, on the other hand, declared himself the winner on June 8, although the electoral bodies have not made any official statement confirming the result. If the leftist wins, he will be the first Peruvian president without ties to political, economic and cultural elites.
Read below the letter written by the former presidents:
We signatories of this declaration by the Puebla Group, concerned about the political situation in Peru and moved by the need to defend democratic institutions, declare:
1. There are strong indications that Professor Pedro Castillo won the majority of the votes in the last June 6 elections, carried out in accordance with the guarantees and norms of transparency and electoral dispute.
2. Once all the voting minutes have been verified, we respectfully address the National Jury of Elecciones (JNE) of Peru to proceed accordingly and formally declare the victory of Pedro Castillo.
3. The legitimate right that Pedro Castillo’s political opponents have to request clarification and revisions to electoral documents and processes cannot become a delaying strategy to prevent the validation of results that, according to the counts, are unquestionable.
4. As the President of the Republic, the Armed Forces and other institutional actors are aware, any unjustified delay in making the decision taken by the Peruvian people official, which resulted in the election of Pedro Castillo, creates uncertainties and creates undesirable spaces of disorganization for the course of the economy, the stability of democracy, which could illegitimately delay the term of President-elect Castillo, affecting the implementation of social projects announced during his campaign.
Dilma Rousseff, former president of Brazil
Ernesto Samper Pizano, former president of Colombia
Fernando Lugo, former president of Paraguay
José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, former President of Spain
Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, former president of Brazil
Martín Torrijos, former president of Panama
Rafael Correa, former president of Ecuador
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