Now Sakharovo will issue a patent for those wishing to work both in Moscow and in the Moscow region – just when submitting documents, you will need to indicate in which entity you plan to work. The unification of the two centers does not mean the unification of the subjects in this matter: if you apply for a patent to work in Moscow, then you will not be able to work at the same time in the Moscow region. So the changes are only geographic: now the two flows of migrants will unite together.
An announcement appeared on the main page of the Sakharovo website with information that from November 1, here you can apply for a patent for work in the Moscow region (as well as the organization of a new bus), and the migration center in Putilkovo stopped answering phone calls (only an answering machine works ). At the same time, there is no information on Putilkov’s website – the news section was last updated on August 30. Whoever needs it – they themselves will have to figure out what’s what.
The main goal of the reform, according to one of the former employees of the MFC in Putilkovo, was to eliminate a constant source of irritation for the residents of the densely packed neighborhood of the same name. In addition, the regional center, unlike the Moscow one in Sakharovo, was too close to the Moscow Ring Road, right under the windows of residential high-rise buildings – which means that incidents that arose (queues, organization of work, etc.) often got into the news.
“We were offered to go to work in Sakharovo, but I refused,” said Yuri, an interlocutor of MK. – The fact is that I live in Tushino, it takes me half an hour to get to Putilkovo, but the road to Sakharovo would take 3 hours one way. It does not suit me”.
The stream “shrank”
“Initially, the center in Sakharovo was designed to receive about 8 thousand people a day, they could have received more,” Yuri Moskovsky, chairman of the migration commission of the Council for Ethnic Affairs under the capital’s government, told MK. – Due to the pandemic, the number of people who go to Sakharovo has decreased, so if you add people from Putilkov there, nothing will change. It will be exactly the same as it was in 2019.
– The total number will remain normal, plus you need to understand that the number of migrants in Moscow has generally decreased. In my opinion, one place is better than two. Spaces allow, transport logistics too, – explained the expert. – Yes, in the future we expect the return of migrants, but a lot depends on when they arrive and how their documents will be drawn up. A lot is now being processed electronically and, although a personal presence is still necessary, it has become easier. I think it will become easier and faster.
The paperwork takes only a day, and the main thing is that the “plastic”, that is, the document itself, is issued at least the next day. My opinion: you can try to digitize it, for example, send a QR code with information to migrants instead of forcing people to come a second time. One visit instead of two – halving the flow.
Yuri Moskovsky recalled that the center in Sakharovo appeared even before the citizens of Kyrgyzstan and Armenia were allowed to work in Russia without patents, and the number of people dropped by one third at once.
However, residents of New Moscow do not seem to notice such nuances: over the first week of November (when Putilkovo closed), complaints about the increased passenger traffic of migrants who take buses from the Prokshino metro station to Sakharovo became more frequent. Also, residents of the TyNAO pay attention to the large number of “rubber apartments” where migrants are registered, and to the deterioration of the crime situation. Meanwhile, Yuri Moskovsky insists: each medal has two sides.
– It is important to understand: Sakharovo and Putilkovo are also jobs for local residents. About 1000 people work in Sakharovo, including locals, and few people think about it. And in Putilkovo now these jobs for citizens of the Russian Federation will be reduced. This is the flip side of the coin, which is also important to remember. The migration center is an infrastructure. Someone swears at it, and someone works in it, – the expert added.
The chairman of the Spiritual Assembly of Muslims of Russia, Mufti Albir Hazrat Krganov, also notes that organizations that use migrant labor should think about creating the necessary infrastructure, for example, organizing hostels.
Transparency as a curse
Getting to the regional MFC Putilkovo was quite simple and quick – especially for residents of densely populated Khimki, Krasnogorsk, Mytishchi and other cities of the northern Primkadya. Only 15-20 minutes by bus from Planernaya. A rather shabby minibus of the caliber of the memorable “groove” first stopped at a large supermarket, then turned into the half-empty parking lot of the business center, and at the end of this office cluster – it was necessary to drive through the parking lot almost half a kilometer – there was just a tightly closed gate behind which the center was located.
“To be honest, I cried after I got here for the first time,” Galina K., a citizen of Moldova, who has been working as nannies in Moscow and the region for many years, told MK. – I have a higher pedagogical education, I have never been a hooligan in my childhood, so I have never been “driven to the department” in my life. And then I found myself in a real prison: barbed wire, a crowd of people – mostly construction guys and workers from Asia. Staff screaming, commanding, turmoil, being treated like prisoners. It made a very big impression on me the first time. Then she began to treat it as an unpleasant ritual that had to be done once or twice a year.
According to Galina, she also had to come to the MFC for migrants in Sakharovo – when Muscovites turned out to be her clients. It takes more than an hour to get there by bus, counting from the peripheral metro station Lesoparkovaya, and the treatment of visitors there, no less than in Putilkovo, resembles a penitentiary system. “For me, little will change”, – summed up the interlocutor of “MK”.
The road to Sakharovo is really long. A bus that goes there directly (express) takes about an hour each way. The salon is almost always (of course, during the center’s working hours) filled with Sakharovo visitors. However, like the buses to Putilkovo, now canceled, the flight to the Sakharovsky MFC is distinguished by friendliness: here everyone goes to the same place, and therefore understand each other better than in similarly filled Moscow routes.
Now those who previously traveled to Putilkovo also have an extra hour to think: why is it that those who come freely and voluntarily draw up documents are “convoyed” and “escorted” so as not to “make an eyesore” Muscovites? After all, fights and other violations by migrants are a reason to strengthen police control rather than to recoup the entire stream of law-abiding foreigners by default.