The Israeli government authorized the realization of a march of right-wing nationalist militants in Jerusalem next week, announced on Tuesday (8) the office of Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, who is leaving.
The event could once again raise the temperature of the crisis with the radical Palestinian group Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip and has already threatened a further escalation of tensions if activists pass through the Muslim neighborhood of Jerusalem’s Old City.
The original march, called for May 10, was interrupted by a rocket fired by Hamas towards Jerusalem at the beginning of the conflict between the Palestinian group and Israel – which lasted 11 days, left 240 dead and ended with a ceasefire .
The organizers had rescheduled the event for the next Thursday (10), but did not obtain authorization from the police for the route they would like to take.
This Tuesday, after a meeting of the security cabinet, the government authorized the act to be carried out on the 15th — provided that the organizers and the police reach an agreement on the route to be followed.
With the postponement, the march is now scheduled for two days after the vote in the Israeli parliament that must approve the new government formed by opposition to Netanyahu. The agreement for the coalition was closed on Wednesday (2), after days of negotiations led by Yair Lapid, leader of the bloc.
In early May, Lapid was tasked with setting up the new government within 28 days from President Reuven Rivlin and used almost all the time available to negotiate the formation of a heterogeneous support bloc in Parliament — the coalition unites parties from the ultra-left to the nationalist right.
To consolidate the new cabinet and Netanyahu leave office, the Parliament needs to approve the agreement, and the vote is scheduled for Sunday (13).
Although Lapid is the head of the opposition for leading the biggest party in the bloc — the centrist Yesh Atid, which holds 17 seats —, who will assume the position of prime minister in the first two years of the new government will be Naftali Bennett, leader of the party of Yamina’s ultraright, which has only six seats.
In total, the coalition will be formed by eight parties: Yamina, Israel Nossa Casa, Nova Esperança (the three on the right), Yesh Atid, Azul and Branco (both in the center), Trabalhista, Meretz (double left) and Ra’am (Islamic conservative acronym). Initially, the expectation was that the Ra’am would only support the alliance in Parliament, without formally being part of the government. In the second (31), however, the leader of the acronym, Mansour Abbas, stated that he will be part of the group and that he hopes to indicate some names for the second echelon — it will be the first time in history that an Arab legend will integrate the Israeli government .
The union between different forces on the political spectrum was the way found to end the current political crisis in Israel, which has lasted for more than two years. In that period, four elections were held, but all ended with inconclusive results, with one bloc supporting Netanyahu and another opposing — neither side had enough seats to govern alone, creating an impasse.
After the announcement of the agreement, Netanyahu adopted on its social networks a strategy to fight the opposition bloc. On Thursday (3), in Twitter publications, he said that “all lawmakers elected by votes from the right must oppose this dangerous left-wing government.”
In another Twitter post, the prime minister highlighted the new alliance’s ties with Mansour Abbas, leader of the United Arab List (or Ra’am), a party that represents the Arab minority in Israel and is also part of the coalition. The post includes a video in which Bennett appears saying that Abbas “visited murderous terrorists in prison” after an attack in 1992 in which Arab citizens of Israel killed three soldiers.
The path to the formation of the new government
23.mar Israel holds its fourth election in two years, and, as in other elections, no party wins a majority in Parliament. Netanyahu’s acronym Likud has the most seats, with Yesh Atid (Lapid) in second place.
Apr 6 The country’s president gives 28 days for the current prime minister to form a government. He tries to attract smaller right-wing and religious parties, including Yamina, but ends up failing
5th of May Rivlin gives the same deadline to Lapid, who seeks to unite parties on opposite sides of the political spectrum, such as Arabs who normally oppose the right-wing agenda of some coalition members.
10.m Conflict between Israel and Hamas begins in Gaza, and protests erupt in many cities with Jewish and Arab populations in Israel, pausing negotiations
21 May Negotiations return with a declaration of a ceasefire
May 30th Bennett announces he will join the coalition alongside centrist rivals to oust Netanyahu from power
2.jun The deadline for a new government agreement to close is 11:59 pm, and Lapid informs Rivlin that he was able to form the coalition about an hour before the deadline.
mid june The new government must take office