The Accounts Chamber outlined the problems that may hinder the implementation of the Housing and Urban Environment national project. This is stated in the conclusion of the joint venture on the execution of the federal budget by the Ministry of Construction in 2020.
After analyzing the implementation of federal and regional projects included in the national project “Housing and Urban Environment”, the joint venture identified three main risks of failure to achieve the goals of the national project. This is the departure of construction organizations from the housing construction market due to the transition to project financing, the lack of free and infrastructure-provided plots for housing construction in municipalities, as well as a decrease in the availability of mortgages due to a decrease in real incomes of the population amid the spread of coronavirus infection.
In total, 1.220 trillion rubles will be allocated for the national project in 2019-2024. In 2020, it was envisaged to allocate 187 billion rubles, including 169 billion from the federal budget.
Cash execution for events from all sources of funding in 2020 amounted to 99.7%. In particular, 34.9 billion rubles (99.14% of the 2020 limit) were spent on the federal project “Housing”, 85.4 billion rubles (100%) on “Ensuring a sustainable reduction in housing comfortable urban environment “- 48.3 billion rubles (99.49%). The main reasons for the incomplete development of funds are lagging behind the work schedules, as well as the savings that have appeared as a result of the construction and installation work.
In 2020, the volume of housing commissioned amounted to 82.2 million square meters. m, or 83.88% of the planned figure, are noted in the joint venture (before the amendments were made to the passport of the national project, it was assumed that in 2020 98 million square meters would be introduced). The achieved figure is 0.25% higher than the level of 2019, the joint venture emphasizes.
The planned value of the housing affordability coefficient has not been achieved (reached by 77.7%). At the same time, according to the indicator “The area of the resettled housing stock recognized as unfit for living”, the established forecast value was exceeded by 161%, the report says.