The US Senate approved Tuesday, June 8 by large majorities the life appointment of the first two judges chosen by Joe Biden, who wants to breathe greater diversity into the federal judicial system after the more than 200 appointments of his predecessor Donald Trump.
Former lawyer in the private sector then council of a county of New Jersey, Julien Xavier Neals, an African-American of 56 years, was confirmed to the post of federal judge in his State of New Jersey, by 66 votes (including 17 Republicans) against 33. Regina Rodriguez, a 57-year-old Mexican and Japanese lawyer, received even stronger support, with 72 votes (including 22 Republicans) against 28, to become a federal judge in Colorado. Both were victims in 2015 of the paralysis caused in Washington by the deep political divisions under Barack Obama.
Joe Biden has already appointed twenty judges
Appointed by the latter to two federal judicial posts, the Republicans had blocked their appointments for months, until they were effectively canceled with the arrival of a new Congress under Donald Trump in 2017. “We appoint truly excellent judges who come from diverse backgrounds”, Underlined Tuesday the leader of the democratic majority, Chuck Schumer. They offer greater diversity and “are much more qualifiedThan those chosen by Donald Trump between 2017 and 2021, he said.
Since his inauguration, Joe Biden has already appointed twenty judges to fill vacant seats in federal courts. According to the White House, the Democratic president is “convinced that the federal justice system must represent the diversity of the nation, both in terms of personal and professional experience“. Her selection, which includes an overwhelming majority of women and exhibits great diversity, is a complete turnaround from her predecessor.
In four years, Donald Trump has brought more than 230 judges into federal courts, three-quarters of whom are men and 85% white, according to the American Constitution Society. As these positions are for life, the former president will leave a lasting mark on the justice system. Determined to dilute his influence, Joe Biden acts quickly, in order to obtain the maximum number of confirmations before the mid-term elections in 2022 which could cause him to lose control of the Senate. In the United States, the Constitution requires that judges chosen by the president receive the approval of the upper house of Congress.