On Thursday, Sudanese Foreign Minister Maryam Al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi ruled out the “military option” to prevent Ethiopia from continuing the project to build the Renaissance Dam on the Nile, a project that raises severe tension with the countries bordering this river.
Sudan and Egypt consider this dam, which is being built, as a threat to their water resources, and they have repeatedly warned Ethiopia, which confirmed, on Wednesday, its intention to move forward with this project despite the sharp disagreement.
Maryam al-Sadiq al-Mahdi told journalists in Qatar: “There is no room for talking about the military option. Now we are talking about political options. ”
“There will be a broad polarization of world opinion, and the most importantly, African opinion, especially in the neighboring countries and the Nile Basin countries, to prevent Ethiopia from moving ahead with destabilizing the security of important countries, its neighbors Egypt and Sudan,” she said.
The Great Renaissance Dam, built in northwestern Ethiopia near the border with Sudan on the Blue Nile, which meets the White Nile in Khartoum, has been a source of tension between the three countries since laying its foundation stone in April 2011.
Egypt and Sudan want to reach a tripartite agreement on operating the dam before filling it, but Ethiopia says that this process is an integral part of its construction and cannot be postponed.
The Grand Renaissance Dam is expected to become the largest source of hydroelectric power in Africa, with an expected capacity of 6,500 megawatts.
Ethiopia says the hydropower produced by the dam is essential to meet the electricity needs of its 110 million people.
But Egypt, which the Nile supplies about 97% of its irrigation and drinking water, sees the Ethiopian dam as a threat to its water supply.
As for Sudan, it fears that its dams will be damaged if Ethiopia fully fills the Renaissance Dam before reaching an agreement.
In recent weeks, Egypt has intensified its warnings about the “Renaissance Dam”.
On Wednesday, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi sent a message to Ethiopia, and said, “We say to the brothers in Ethiopia it is better not to reach the stage of compromising a water point from Egypt because all options are open.”
Al-Sisi warned of the consequences of confrontations with countries, stressing that “cooperation and agreement are much better than anything else.”