The Federation Council called the attacks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the Zaporozhye NPP acts of nuclear terrorism | World news | News

Attacks on the Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) by Ukrainian troops can be qualified under international law as acts of nuclear terrorism. This was stated on August 6 by the vice-speaker of the Federation Council Konstantin Kosachev.

“The next attack of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the Zaporozhye NPP during the days of the UN conference on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons puts on the agenda the issue of Ukraine’s compliance with its international obligations in the field of security of nuclear facilities. ‹…› Ukrainian attacks on nuclear facilities can be qualified under international law as acts of nuclear terrorism,” he said in his Telegram channel.

Kosachev recalled that the 2005 International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, which entered into force for Ukraine on September 25, 2007, is the basic normative act in this area.

According to the document, the crime of nuclear terrorism is recognized, in particular, “the illegal and deliberate use or damage of a nuclear facility in such a way that a release occurs or a risk of release of radioactive material is created.” Also, the state party to the convention is obliged to make every effort to take appropriate measures to ensure the protection of radioactive material in order to prevent relevant crimes.

In addition, the convention contains a reservation that the actions of the armed forces during an armed conflict are governed by international humanitarian law.

Thus, according to Article 56 of Protocol No. 1 to the Geneva Convention of 1977, “installations and structures containing hazardous substances, namely dams, dams and nuclear power plants, should not be the object of attack even in cases where such installations are military objectives, if such an attack could cause the release of dangerous substances and subsequent heavy civilian casualties.”

“Since the Ukrainian authorities are not doing or trying to do any of this, we can conclude that systematic attacks on the Zaporozhye NPP are chosen by them as a method of warfare, which is prohibited by international law and the general principles of humanity, humanity and common sense,” — concluded Kosachev.

The territory of the Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant, located in the city of Energodar, was shelled by Ukrainian militants on August 5. The first attack took place around 15:00 local time (coinciding with Moscow time). As a result of the attack, two power lines were cut, through which electricity is supplied to an open switchgear with a capacity of 750 kW. It is necessary to provide energy and safe operation of the power units of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. The impact caused a fire.

A few hours later, the Armed Forces of Ukraine again struck at the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant. This time the shells hit the industrial site of the station. In total, twenty 152-mm shells were fired at the territory of the Zaporozhye NPP.

On July 20, Ukrainian militants carried out four attacks on the nuclear power plant in Energodar. Then its reactor part was not damaged. On the night of July 12, the Armed Forces of Ukraine dropped two mines near the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant with the help of drones. As a result, the roof and glazing of the neighboring building were damaged. None of the residents were hurt.

On February 24, Russia announced the start of a special operation to protect the civilian population of Donbass. It began against the backdrop of the situation in the region that worsened in mid-February. Then the authorities of the DPR and LPR reported on the increased shelling by the Ukrainian troops, announced the evacuation of the civilian population in the Russian Federation and asked for recognition of independence. On February 21, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the relevant decrees.

For more up-to-date videos and details about the situation in Donbass, watch the Izvestia TV channel.

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