The Israeli parties participating in the “government of change”, which is expected to be installed by next Monday, have reached understandings on the outlines of the new government after intense and protracted coalition negotiations.
The outline document, which included 30 items and which was published by a number of Israeli media outlets on Monday evening without its content being officially disclosed, confirmed that the next government will focus its work in the civil and economic frameworks and fields in the State of Israel, and will work to ratify the state budget for the coming years “within a period of time.” short”.
On the social front, the agreement stressed the central role of the government “to heal the rift between the various components of Israeli society, to strengthen the foundations of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state, and in the spirit of the Declaration of Independence.”
The parties to the rotation government between Yamina party leader Naftali Bennett and Yesh Atid party leader Yair Lapid agreed to legislate a law that would specify the prime minister’s term of office at eight years or two, but did not address the possibility of enacting a law that would prevent a person accused of criminal offenses from taking office. The position of prime minister or the candidacy for the position, knowing that this issue had been mentioned in the draft outline, but was absent from the final version.
At the political level, the agreement stipulates “working to strengthen Israel’s national security and preserve the security of citizens, in addition to the permanent pursuit of peace.” In the final drafting of the agreement, the parties did not mention “refusing to take unilateral steps,” knowing that the initial drafts of the agreement included this.
With regard to Jerusalem, the agreement stated that the government “will work for the growth and prosperity of Jerusalem, the capital of Israel, while continuing to strengthen and expand construction in it, and turn it into a dynamic and modern capital.”
The agreement added: “In order to consolidate the city’s position as a center of government, within a short period after the inauguration of the government, all official offices and the headquarters of government institutions will be moved to Jerusalem.”
Religion and the state
With regard to the relationship of “religion and the state”, the parties agreed to legislate the freezing law in accordance with the proposal submitted by the Israeli Ministry of Defense, which was voted on in the first reading in the twentieth Knesset. The agreement avoided addressing problematic issues related to the relationship of religion with the state, including the expansion of the Western Wall plaza in favor of “Jewish prayers,” the “Kashrut system,” the operation of public transportation on Shabbat, and the opening of grocery stores and supermarkets on Shabbat.
It should be noted that the “broad lines” agreement that will define the government’s fields of action is separate from the bilateral coalition agreements reached by Yesh Atid leader Lapid with the parties participating in the coalition, which includes: “Yamena” and “Yisrael Beitenu.” New Hope”, “Blue and White”, “Labour”, “Meretz”, and the “United List”.
The structure and mechanisms of the government’s work
The coalition agreements stipulate the appointment of 28 ministers in the new government and 6 deputy ministers, while the mini-ministerial council for political and security affairs “the cabinet” consists of 12 ministers divided equally between the right and center-left camps, provided that Lieberman is considered to be on the left camp, so that the cabinet practically consists of: Right-wing majority.
The coalition agreements also stipulate preventing Bennett from holding any government position if the government is overthrown by a vote of no-confidence in the Knesset, through legislation that the government coalition is enacting with the start of the government’s work soon after its inauguration.
According to the agreement, in the general session of the government and the various ministerial sessions, topics that were approved after the consensus between the prime minister and the alternate prime minister will be discussed, and both of them have a mutual veto. The voting power during the general session of the government and the ministerial committees will be equal between the two blocs, and each prime minister will be responsible for the ministers of his bloc.
The coalition agreements give Yisrael Beitenu party leader Avigdor Lieberman, Labor party leader Merav Michaeli, and Meretz leader Nitzan Horowitz the right to veto any party or parliamentary bloc joining the government agreement, while the Yamina party said “On Monday evening, the inclusion of new parties in the government coalition will be decided by the prime minister and the alternative prime minister.
The Consolidated List’s Gains
The agreement with the head of the “Unity”, Mansour Abbas, provides for the extension of the freeze on the implementation of what is known as the “Kamenets Law” until 2024, the freezing of demolition in the Negev for a period of 9 months, the appointment of a member of the unit as a deputy minister in the Prime Minister’s office, and the allocation of a budget estimated at about Half a billion shekels for projects in the Arab community, “based on Mansour Abbas’ estimates.”
The agreements also oblige all parties to the coalition to vote against any laws that would change the status quo with regard to the relationship of religion and state.
The coalition agreement with the “New Hope” splinter from the “Likud”, stipulates the enactment of a law that provides for dividing the position of the attorney general for the Israeli government, approving a plan that prevents the Palestinians from controlling Area C, and appointing party leader, Gideon Sa’ar, as deputy prime minister in light of Bennett’s term, while Benny Gantz will occupy this position after the transfer of the premiership to Lapid.
The agreement with Yisrael Beiteinu provides for the establishment of a new ministry concerned with agriculture and exclusively entrusted with issues related to the Negev and Galilee regions, and the implementation of the plan to expand the Western Wall plaza in front of Jewish worshipers.
The agreements also provide for legislation to facilitate the process of dividing the parliamentary blocs, and this legislation aims to facilitate potential defections of Knesset members from the Likud, allowing the defection of 4 Knesset members. Channel 12 indicated that this provision came to provide an alternative to the unified list if it decided to withdraw from the government.
On Monday, Yamina did not confirm the details of the agreements, but said that the power-sharing between the two blocs would be ratified in the Knesset plenary session and its committee sessions.
Source: Israeli media