The keys to understanding the jihadist gangrene in Mozambique

DECRYPTION – A group of fighters affiliated with the Islamic State is spreading terror in the northeast of the country. The bloody attack on the city of Palma belatedly attracts the eyes of the whole world to a region of Africa until then partly untouched by Islamism.

1. Jihadists recently dubbed by the Islamic State

Who are these insurgents who have become jihadists? They baptized themselves «Al-Shabab» (young men, in Arabic) – but would not be linked to the Somali terrorist group twinned with al-Qaida which bears the same name. Their official movement is called Ansar al-Sunna and their leader is called Abu Yasir Hassan. They don’t wear any particular uniform other than a red bandana that most fighters seem to wear, and they pledged allegiance to the Islamic State in 2019.

A similar move to other African terrorist groups: 1,500 kilometers away, in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the ADF also approached ISIS. It is not by chance that, a few weeks ago, the American government added Ansar al-Sunna and the ADF to its red list of international terrorist organizations affiliated with the Islamic State. Pragmatic reconciliations which, for a long time minimized or ignored

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