“The military for the barracks” .. Will the Sudan agreement withstand the demands to overthrow Al-Burhan?

Despite the announcement of an agreement between General Abdel-Fattah Al-Burhan and Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok regarding the latter’s return to the presidency of the government and the release of civilian leaders detained since last October 25, the “Million November 21” demonstrations started on Sunday in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum, and other cities, against what they describe as a military coup.

The two parties signed a political agreement, in an official ceremony held at the Republican Palace in the capital, Khartoum. The agreement stipulated the release of all political detainees, the cancellation of the decision to relieve Hamdok from his position as prime minister, work to build a unified national army, and the restructuring of the committee to dismantle the Bashir regime while reviewing its performance, according to Al Hurra TV correspondent.

Hamdok said, “The signing of the agreement addresses all issues of the transitional period (..) and fortifies the civil democratic transition and expands the circle of political transition.”

He stressed that “Sudan’s interest is a priority (..) Our goal is to spare the blood of the Sudanese people… I am ready to work together to advance Sudan,” adding: “We will work to unite all Sudanese forces with a solid democratic system.”

For his part, Al-Burhan considered that signing the agreement “lays the correct foundations for the transitional period,” noting that “the pause in the transition process was to reconsider future steps.”

And the army chief continued: “We do not want any exclusion of any party in Sudan… We will work to complete the process, leading to free and fair elections.”

In the vicinity of the Republican Palace, the demonstrations carried chants rejecting the existence of the proof, demanding that “he and all those responsible for the military coup be held accountable,” denouncing the presence of the military component in power, and demanding the overthrow of the “coup council” under the slogan “apostasy is impossible.”

The demonstrators chanted: “Power to the people, and the military to the barracks,” before the security forces bombarded them with tear gas when they approached the palace.

The Forces for Freedom and Change (the coalition of forces opposing the military) also announced that they are not concerned with any political agreement with the army, in a statement in which they affirmed that “there is no negotiation, no partnership, and no legitimacy for the putschists.”

Amid the rejection of the demonstrators and some partisan forces, what is the fate of the agreement? Will the articles of the constitutional document be returned to the same as it was before October 25?

Journalist and political activist, Dora Qambo, answers in an interview with Al-Hurra website, that “today’s demonstration (Sunday) represents the street’s reaction, which will become more violent with the days,” refusing to recognize any agreement with the army.

She stressed that “the street will not accept the agreement if it is correct in its current form,” expecting the political scene to become more complex, as well as an increase in the intensity of violence in the street.

Qambo waved a popular escalation against what is happening in the country, especially as “the forces of freedom and change and other civilian components and committees reject any compromise, partnership, or even negotiation with the military component,” considering that there is an “attempt to put Hamdok in front of the cannon.”

Al-Burhan led a coup on October 25 during a fragile transition period in Sudan. He arrested most of the civilians in power, ended the union formed by civilians and military personnel, and declared a state of emergency.

Since then, protests have been organized against the army demanding the return of civilian authority, especially in Khartoum, and the security forces have suppressed it. The repression of the demonstrations led to the death of at least forty people, most of whom were demonstrators.

As for the strategic analyst, Major General Amin Majzoub, who welcomes the agreement between the civilian and military component, he considers that “the consensus between Al-Burhan and Hamdok is what the Sudanese street wants.”

Majzoub said, in an interview with Al-Hurra website, that “the demands of the revolutionaries and the Sudanese people are the return of Hamdok to the political scene as prime minister and the release of political detainees.”

The commander of the Sudanese army, Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, and the dismissed Prime Minister, Abdullah Hamdok, signed a political agreement, in an official ceremony held in the Republican story in the capital, Khartoum, on Sunday. It was comprehensive, and it worries our civilian and military partners.”

Awad considered that “the agreement is important and paves the way for a return to before October 25, but this cannot be welcomed until the true intention of the army becomes clear and it initiates the handover of power to the civilian component.”

Awad stressed that “the agreement must include an important clause that clarifies the manner and time of handing over power, otherwise it will be a fictitious agreement.”

In the wake of the popular protests and the increasing international pressure on the Sudanese army, an agreement was reached on Sunday for the return of Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok to power, more than a month after the military’s seizure of power.

Regarding the position of the Sudanese street on the agreement, Awad considered that “there are different opinions, but the vast majority adhere to the fact that there is no deviation from the constitutional document.”

In August 2019, the Military Council and representatives of the protest movement in Sudan signed an agreement known as the Constitutional Document, in order to start a transitional phase leading to civilian rule in the country.

The agreement set the frameworks for the formation of a civilian transitional government and parliament to lead the country during a three-year transitional period under the supervision of a governing body that includes civilians and military personnel.

Awad pointed out that “the stage is difficult and complicated, especially after the fall of a large number of martyrs,” expressing his hope that “the killers will be held accountable, despite his exclusion from this happening, especially in light of Al-Burhan’s stay in power.”

Last Wednesday saw the death of 16 people, most of them in the northern suburb of Khartoum, which is linked by a bridge to the Sudanese capital, according to the pro-democracy doctors’ union.

The United States and the African Union condemned the bloody crackdown on protesters, and called on Sudan’s leaders not to “excessive use of force”.

In turn, Qambo stresses that “the killers of the demonstrators will be held accountable, and this is inevitable to turn the page of the coup completely,” which Majzoub considers “a high ceiling for political ends.”

Majzoub added that “accounting for the killers of the demonstrators was tantamount to raising the ceiling of demands for more pressure, but Hamdok’s return will guide the street and open the atmosphere for more dialogue and good results.”

The military analyst added, “Without any doubt, specialized committees will be formed from the Public Prosecution and the security services to find out who fired live ammunition at the demonstrators and then bring them to account.” For its part, the police confirm that they do not open fire on the demonstrators, and the death toll is only thirty-one among the protesters, as a result of tear gas, while 89 policemen were injured.

On Saturday, the authorities announced that an investigation would be opened into the killings.

The document in light of the agreement between Hamdok and Al-Burhan

On whether the agreement between Al-Burhan and Hamdok departs from the constitutional document, Majzoub says that “it must be preserved and a solid partnership between the civilian and military components must be ensured, to complete the transitional period in peace.”

Majzoub praised “the good relationship between Hamdok and Al-Burhan,” saying that “it is the custom in Sudan that political differences do not affect brotherly relations.”

Majzoub insisted that “the good relationship between the two men, and the trust that binds them specifically in a matter of governance, will lead the country to positive results.”

And on Sunday, the restrictions on Hamdok’s movements were lifted, knowing that he had previously arrested the Prime Minister for a short period when Al-Burhan declared a “state of emergency”, and then released him to move to his home, where he was placed under house arrest.

The Sudanese Prime Minister arrived at the Republican Palace, and the Transitional Sovereignty Council published, through its account on Facebook, a picture showing a meeting in the Republican Palace.

While Awad refuses to “restrict the scene to the person of Hamdok and Al-Burhan,” saying: “The constitutional document provided for handing over power to the leadership of the Sovereignty Council, not to Hamdok.”

He explained that “the partnership between the military component and freedom and change, and therefore no party can be excluded, otherwise we would be in front of the constitutional document,” noting that “Hamdouk represents the majority of civilians in the transitional government, but he likes to hand over power to them together.”

Al-Burhan had formed a new Transitional Sovereignty Council, from which four representatives of the Forces of Freedom and Change were excluded, and he retained his position as Chairman of the Council.

General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, commander of the Rapid Support Forces accused of committing abuses during the war in the Darfur region during al-Bashir’s era and during the uprising against al-Bashir, also retained his position as Vice-President of the Council.

Al-Burhan, who led the coup against his civilian partners, maintains that he did nothing but “correct the course of the revolution.”

Sudan has a long history of military coups and has enjoyed only rare periods of democratic rule since its independence in 1956.

But the international community is pressing for a civilian government declaration to run things in the country, and not talk about a partnership with the military.

The article from the source


Related Articles

Back to top button