If an IT specialist, then for trade
An admission campaign to universities has started in Russia. And since the experts have calculated that it takes at least 5-7 years to fully cover the family expenses for the higher education of children, the question of the right choice of the future specialty came to the fore. However, this task, as evidenced by the results of the new international PISA study announced on April 7, facilitates the growth of the reading literacy of our schoolchildren.
It’s hard to believe, but the most unexpected things influence the choice of future profession by school graduates. So, some time ago, an insane surge in the popularity of domestic medical universities was caused by the demonstration of the series “Doctor House” on Russian TV, recalled the rector of the Moscow City Pedagogical University Igor Remorenko. And not a single year is guaranteed from this.
Of course, the increased exaltation of adolescents in the late puberty age group has not been canceled. But for applicants striving for a meaningful choice, experts still named the most promising areas of training, for which then everyone can choose a suitable university.
So, the IT direction is still popular. However, this year’s specialty will be the special popularity of specialists of this profile in relation to the spheres of trade and logistics. The era of total delivery of everything in the world to your home in the context of a coronavirus pandemic does not imply anything else, said the vice-rector of the PRUE. Plekhanov Dmitry Shtykhno. But it is useful for the applicant to find out about this. As, by the way, and that for the same reason already in 2020 interest in the direction of training “Tourism” sank. But if the epidemiological situation improves, it is likely to recover, experts predict.
Since last year, there has been an increase in the popularity of the direction of training “Veterinary Medicine”. Engineering specialties are in high demand. At the same time, for school graduates who consider themselves “techies”, but have not yet decided what exactly they would like to do in their professional activities, technical universities are increasingly offering a new model of education, said MISIS rector Alevtina Chernikova: the first two years are general engineering training, and only then – specialization, which can then be further deepened in the magistracy.
The “evergreen” pool of potential lawyers with economists, according to experts, will not dissipate this year either. However, lawyers need to keep in mind that employers need not legal experts, but, say, professionals in the field of legal support for the national security of the country, and also that the average salary of novice lawyers, even in Moscow, does not exceed 25-30 thousand per month, and lawyers with experience – 60-65 thousand. And economists are not needed “in general”, but for example, in the field of mechanical engineering or agriculture. But those in our system of higher education are not trained at all: in vain, perhaps, the Ministry of Education and Science fought for years with “non-core” areas of training in industry universities ?!
Now – about the results of the latest PISA study of the quality of education. Its purpose is to reveal in 9th grade students not theoretical knowledge, but the ability to apply it in practice in the field of mathematics, natural sciences and reading – that is, functional literacy. And in this area, in contrast to other international studies, where Russia is a recognized international leader (for example, in PIRLS studies in primary school, Russia takes 1st place in the world, and in TIMSS studies on mathematical knowledge – 5th), the results PISA in our country is always much more modest.
They are comparatively modest this time too. But for the first time in recent years, the new results turned out to be better than the previous ones. So, in reading literacy, Russia improved its indicators by two positions, moving up to 24th place, and in mathematics – by six at once, moving from 33rd place to 27th. True, at the same time, the results in natural science functional literacy decreased: 36th place instead of 33rd in 2019. However, according to Sergei Stanchenko, director of the Federal Institute for Education Quality Assessment, this is only a consequence of long distance learning, in the context of a pandemic, which cut off schoolchildren from all practical work, be it laboratories or field trips. The foregoing confirms once again: there is no alternative to full-time education. But even in part-time conditions, our school as a whole performed in the PISA study even better than expected: instead of the planned 14th place, it achieved an indicator of 13.5.
Abitura at a crossroads