Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on Thursday visited the country’s eastern frontline after a recent surge in clashes between Ukrainian troops and Russia-backed separatists. The visit came amid rising tensions, with Russian President Vladimir Putin accusing Kiev of provocative action during a phone call with German Chancellor Angela Merkel.
Zelensky’s visit to positions where a ceasefire “has been systematically violated in recent days” was aimed at “maintaining the fighting spirit”, the presidency said in a statement.
Another soldier was killed early Thursday after separatists opened fire on Ukrainian positions with mortars and artillery, the Ukrainian military said, bringing to 25 the number of its troops killed since the start of the year.
Fears have been mounting of a major escalation of the conflict in eastern Ukraine, where government forces have battled separatists in the mainly Russian-speaking Donbas region since 2014.
Ukraine last week accused Russia of massing thousands of military personnel on its northern and eastern borders as well as on the Crimean peninsula annexed by Moscow.
The Kremlin has not denied the troop movements but insisted that Moscow was “not threatening anyone”.
Kiev’s Western allies have rushed to its defence with a series of statements warning Russia against taking further action and seeking explanations for its troop build-up.
Putin, Merkel express ‘concern’
German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Thursday “expressed concern” over the spike in tensions in east Ukraine during a phone call with Russian President Vladimir Putin.
The Kremlin readout of the call also said Putin “drew attention to the provocative actions of Kiev, which has recently been purposefully exacerbating the situation on the frontline”.
The two leaders also discussed the case of jailed Russian opposition politician Alexei Navalny and Libya, the Kremlin said.
Biden offers ‘unwavering support’
Earlier this week, Zelensky urged NATO to speed up his country’s request for membership in the alliance, saying this was the only way to end the conflict.
Alliance members responded with calls for Kiev to continue military and defence reforms.
It is unclear what set off the latest escalation in tensions and clashes, though some observers say Moscow may be testing US President Joe Biden’s committment to defend Ukraine.
In his first call with Zelensky earlier this month, Biden affirmed Washington’s “unwavering support” for Kiev in the conflict, which has claimed more than 13,000 lives since 2014.
Peace talks mediated by France and Germany since 2015 have failed to end the fighting.
Zelensky, a television comedian and political outsider, came to power in 2019 vowing to resolve the conflict.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP and REUTERS)