The governor of Rio Grande do Sul, Eduardo Leite (PSDB), told the leaf which will continue defending the model of presidential caucuses in the PSDB in which members have 25% of voting participation. In the governor’s opinion, this format gives everyone a chance, while the change advocated by João Doria (PSDB) unbalances the dispute.
The governor of São Paulo tries to make it possible to increase the participation of affiliates to 50%. São Paulo concentrates around 22% of the 1.36 million members of the PSDB — the largest share among the federation units.
This Tuesday (8), the PSDB summit defined that the previews will be made through groups with different weights, but the proportion of each group is still open.
The idea is that, throughout the week, Leite, Doria and the other presidential candidates —Senator Tasso Jereissati (CE) and former Manaus Mayor Arthur Virgílio— try to reach a consensus. The new meeting of the national executive for deliberation is next Tuesday (15).
Leite said he was willing to talk, but defended that the proportion should remain at 25%, as defined by the PSDB’s preliminary commission. If the rule changes, the Gaucho says he will assess whether he will participate in the previews.
“The work of the commission was very well done within the logic of the federative balance that I have been defending. I will work so that the rule presented by the commission is maintained”, he told the leaf.
”It doesn’t make sense to have previews if you start from a rule that unbalances [a disputa] almost irreparably.”
The Gaucho stated, however, that he believed in the possibility of convergence.
In an indirect reference to Doria, Leite said he is not “obsessed” and that his candidacy “is not a personal project”. “It’s no use being the best candidate for a state or for the party only, you have to be the best candidate for Brazil.”
He admits that he can withdraw his name if there is any candidate capable of unifying the so-called third way and showing competitiveness. Behind the scenes, Toucans are betting that he and Tasso will team up. Questioned by the report, Leite did not rule out this possibility.
On the 31st of this month, the PSDB preliminary committee, coordinated by former São Paulo senator José Aníbal, concluded the proposal for voting in four groups, each with a unit weight of 25%.
The groups are: one of affiliates; one of mayors and deputy mayors; another of councilors, state and district deputies; and the fourth group brings together governors, vice governors, senators, federal deputies, former presidents and the president of the PSDB.
For example: if in group one, candidate A gets 60% of the votes and B, 20%, in the final count, A adds 15% and B, 5%.
As mr. do you see this debate around the proportion of affiliates and the postponement of the executive’s decision to seek convergence?
I think it’s interesting to try to find a deal. But the commission’s work was very well done within the logic of federative balance that I have been defending. To seek previews that help the party connect with the general population beyond the party. The previews need to contemplate these differences between the states, seeking a level playing field, otherwise it will be a partial view of the country.
Mr. Do you think there would be more space for the affiliates?
I think the commission’s formula is adequate, especially considering that they are the first PSDB previews in history at the national level. It is arguable that this portion could be greater, but it needs to be weighted within this learning curve for the execution of the caucuses, with the vote guaranteed to all and weighted weights.
Mr. Would you be willing to give in to increase membership participation?
I will work to maintain the rule presented by the committee. I am open to dialogue and pondering. The commission did a technical and responsible work, any adjustment would have to be discussed what the consequences could be.
The model reflects the size of states and the size of parties in states. And São Paulo still has a capacity for mobilization [de militantes] unequal, because the party has been in government for years and because it has recently held caucuses.
It is a salutary effort to look for a greater possibility of convergence, I have no problem looking for paths to unity. But it doesn’t make sense to have priors if you start from a rule that unbalances [a disputa] almost irreparably.
Mr. do you see an advantage for São Paulo, since the state has most members, mayors, deputies, senators?
I don’t want an electoral model that favors me, I just want an electoral model that provides balance so that they are effectively possible to dispute. The party has different situations in the states and, when thinking about Brazil, it is necessary to promote a federative balance.
Within the model that is presented, São Paulo continues to have a preponderance, but an adjusted preponderance. It’s no use being the best candidate for a state or for the party only, you have to be the best candidate for Brazil, contemplating the various states with their weight.
From the previews a candidate will emerge for Brazil, not for the party. How do we adjust the weights so that the previews can better translate the national feeling. Brazil, from the point of view of the party structure, has one format, but the Brazil that is going to choose the president has another.
If the rules change to 50% membership participation, mr. would you still compete in the primaries?
That would have to be analyzed. If there is a vision of almost impossibility to win the previews, then I’ll think about the subject. But I trust that we will find a convergence on this point.
The backstage conversation is that mr. and Tasso will unify the candidacies, which one will give to the other.
I’ve always had a good relationship with Tasso, I’m sure we’ll have an understanding. But the time to define candidacies [das prévias do PSDB] it’s going to be way up ahead in September. So many things can happen.
But mr. will you keep your candidacy?
It’s my disposition. I was approached by a group of people who believe the candidacy is viable. So it’s no longer a personal project. I’m not obsessed. It’s about helping the party have an alternative.
There is an electoral scenario that concerns us with enabling a candidacy that is capable of breaking through the polarization that is currently being presented. Candidacies from the best known personalities in politics so far have failed to demonstrate this ability to break through the polarization. It is in this sense that I am introducing myself.
If there is any other candidacy that will soon demonstrate a clear way to break this polarization, I have no problem withdrawing my candidacy and supporting it.
So far, in the democratic center, they have failed to demonstrate. I’m talking in comparison with the best known, since Ciro Gomes [PDT], which goes to the fourth candidacy; Tasso Jereissati, who is already a national name; João Doria, who is also a national name. And even the rejection of some of these names shows less capacity for growth.
We have to have an analysis of electoral potential. It’s true that my name isn’t as well known nationally, but that’s even in my favor. Because we are talking about building a candidacy that is able to connect with the feeling of the citizen.
If anything changes in all of this, it can happen. It’s going to take it out for Tasso, Tasso will take it out for me, I don’t know, I can’t do this projection exercise.
PREVIOUS RULES APPROVED BY PSDB
Electoral college of four groups, with 25% of weight each
- mayors and deputy mayors
- councilors, state and district representatives
- governors, vice-governors, federal deputies, senators, former PSDB presidents and the current
- 20.set – candidate registration
- 18.out – start of debates
- 21.nov – first round
- 28.nov – second round
PROPOSALS STILL UNDER DISCUSSION
They will be voted on June 15, after presidential toucans talk to each other
- Increase membership participation (group one) to 50%
- Add state leaders in group two, not one
- Mayors: 520 (202 in SP)
- Councilors: 4,372 (1,028 in SP)
- State Deputies: 72 (9 in SP)
- Federal Deputies: 33 (7 in SP)
- Senators: 7 (2 in SP)
- Affiliates: 1.36 million (about 300 thousand in SP)